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Hair Transplant Service

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Main Causes of Hair Loss

Each of our hair strands has a life cycle of 4-6 years, and this process consists of the stages we call elongation, stopping and shedding. Therefore, it is normal to have hair follicles in different stages in our hair, and approximately 50-100 hairs are shed every day by completing the process. If there is more than this number of shedding, it may be necessary to investigate the causes and treat if necessary. The most common causes of hair loss are as follows;

Genetic factors

It is hair loss, which is usually seen in men. As age progresses, hair loss increases, and it is important to perform preventive treatment in the early period. It is rarely seen in women, it is mostly seen as male pattern hair loss. The biggest reason for this hair loss is the excess of hair follicles that are sensitive to hormones. Hair loss can be stopped with hormone therapy, but the lost hair cannot be brought back. In order to regain the hair, it is necessary to perform hair transplantation treatment.

Skin problems

Skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, acne, lichen or excessively oily skin and fungal diseases can also affect the hair and cause shedding. After the treatment of the skin disease, the hair usually grows back. Malnutrition: Irregular nutrition, especially long-term starvation and uniform nutrition can cause hair loss. In such cases, eating habits should be changed.

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies

Not enough minerals and vitamins such as B12, vitamin D, biotin, zinc, iron, folic acid, which are necessary for hair growth, can cause hair loss. With the support of vitamin supplements, hair loss decreases and stops over time.

Hormonal causes

Hair loss may occur due to hormonal imbalances in the body. By investigating these findings, performing hormone analyzes and treating the cause, the shedding stops.

Various diseases and the use of some drugs

Thyroid gland diseases, rheumatic diseases, adrenal gland diseases, hormone drugs, slimming pills and teas, insulin resistance, diabetes drugs, etc. It can cause hair loss. These conditions can only be overcome under the control of a doctor and with treatments for side effects.

Hair loss during the birth and chemotherapy process

Postpartum shedding is normal, it is caused by the shedding of the hair that does not shed during pregnancy. Shedding in chemotherapy develops due to chemotherapy drugs and affects all hair, but not every chemotherapy drug causes shedding. Usually, hair grows back as a result of postpartum and chemotherapy treatment.

Cosmetic reasons

It is a loss experienced due to mechanical, chemical or physical reasons, due to damage to the hair follicles, depending on the hair care products used to protect the hair or the products used for hair styling. Wrong hair products, blow dry, hair dyes etc. It is necessary to eliminate the causative factor during the treatment process.

Stress and depression

Extreme stress and depression can also cause hair loss. In order to overcome this process in the lightest way, it is necessary to get psychological support if necessary.

Types of hair structure

Some types of hair structure are more prone to hair loss at an early age, so some people encounter the problem of thinning and baldness at an early age. Today, most people try to prevent hair loss with herbal or medical methods and to regrow the hair, regardless of the cause of hair loss. In general, medications and herbal treatments can stop hair loss depending on the cause, but such treatments are not effective in re-growth of the lost hair. The most effective and most successful treatment method for thinning and baldness caused by hair loss is hair transplantation.

What Methods we use for Hair Transplant and what we Assess

Hair transplantation, in its simplest form, is the process of transferring the patient’s own healthy hair to the area where hair loss occurs in people with thinning or baldness. Before hair transplantation, the donor area is determined and how many hair follicles are needed. The transfer process, on the other hand, is a two-stage application.

First of all, hair follicles are taken from the donor area, this area is usually an area such as the nape where the hair is resistant to shedding. After the hair follicles are taken, the transfer stage is started. First of all, channels are opened so that the hair follicles can be transferred to the areas where the hair is thinning, and healthy hair follicles are placed in these opened channels. In this two-stage application, the patient is in a lying position while the hair follicles are being removed, and is in a sitting position when placing the hair follicles. In the second phase of the application, they can eat comfortably or do simple activities such as watching television. In general, these procedures take place in a hair transplant application, but there are different techniques used in hair transplantation that can be planned completely for the person.

Hair Transplantation with FUE Technique

FUE hair transplantation is frequently preferred in hair transplantation operations due to its easy application and very successful results. The most important feature that distinguishes the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique, which has been used since the 2000s, from other methods is that the result is more natural. At the beginning of the application, the hair is shortened first and then the hair follicles are taken one by one without any incision. Although the nape area is generally used as the donor area in this technique, hair follicles can also be taken from the back, legs or chest areas.

In this method, which is performed under the effect of local anesthesia, hair grafts to be transferred from the donor area with microsurgical instruments are taken. The hair follicles taken are in the form of 1, 2 or 3 grafts, that is, hair follicles. An average of 2000-5000 grafts can be taken in one session, if these grafts do not meet the needs of the area to be transferred, a second session can be applied.

After the grafts are ready for planting, they are transferred to the problem area, which has a predetermined border. Before the transfer, channels are opened based on the direction of the hair for placement in the problem area, hair follicles are placed in the channels and the process is completed. FUE hair transplantation is the method that causes the least damage in hair transplantation. Since it is performed with microsurgery technique, it does not carry risks such as pain, wound, infection, bleeding, wound opening, scarring.

Hair Transplantation with DHI Technique

In DHI hair transplantation (Direct Hair Implantation), that is, direct hair transplantation technique, hair follicles are taken from the donor area and transferred directly to the problem area. What distinguishes this technique, in which the classical planting process is valid, from other methods is that the hair follicles are transferred directly to the problem area after they are taken with a special pen called Choi Implanter.

In this technique, transplanting the hair immediately after removal increases the success of hair transplantation. Another feature of this technique is that shaving is not required for planting, so it is also known as unshaven hair transplantation. Since it enables unshaven hair transplantation, the DHI technique, which is used especially when performing hair transplantation in women, provides extremely successful results.

Determination of Forehead-Hairline

Determining the forehead-hairline is very important to obtain a good appearance after hair transplant treatment. Since the forehead line is not the same for men and women, it is necessary to determine the forehead line on different lines. While the forehead line type is round in women, this line is sharper in men. Before hair transplantation, it is necessary to divide the face into 3 equal parts in order to adjust the forehead line correctly.
The fact that these distances are proportional to each other makes the facial features look better. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to these when determining the hairline.

How is Hair Transplant Direction Determined?

It is extremely important to determine the correct direction of transplantation in the hair transplantation stage to achieve a natural appearance. Since determining the direction of the hair and how curled the root is will affect the direction of hair growth after planting, these should be considered during hair transplantation. Apart from these, there are other factors that should be considered when determining the planting direction

What is the Healing Process After Hair Transplantation?

The recovery process after hair transplantation should be considered as a two-stage process. The first stage covers a period of 8-10 days and is associated with the recovery of skin tissue. After the transplantation process, the area where the hair follicles are taken is wrapped for 3 days, and this area heals in a short time. The area where the hair follicles are placed is left open for healing. The planting area should be protected against external contacts in the first days. In this process, the transplanted hair follicles are nourished with the help of the skin and healed.

It is considered normal to have red spots and crusting at the roots of the hair in the area where the hair follicles are placed. Crusting usually starts from the second day and disappears on average within 10 days. In the first days, mild swelling, itching and pain may be felt in the transplanted area, it is a very normal situation that patients should not worry about and will pass in a short time. As a result of the 10-day process after the transplantation, the person will generally get rid of the pain, numbness and crusting problem. After this process, it covers the second stage of the healing process.

The second stage of the healing process is associated with the growth of healthy hair, so patience is required at this stage. After complaints such as crusting pass, a process called shock shedding awaits the person. Shock shedding is a period between the 2nd week and the 2nd month, when the transplanted hair starts to fall out and continues for a while. At this stage, weak hair falls first, and then new hair begins to grow. After the hair transplantation process, a significant part of the healthy hair will grow in about 6 to 9 months, but it may take up to 1 year for all the hair to grow and take its final shape.

The growth stages of hair follicles are as follows:

Anogenous Phase

It refers to the growth phase of hair follicles. Approximately 85% of the hair is at this stage, and the hair can grow up to 10 cm in this phase. It is the first phase of the hair growth phase and lasts for 2-6 years.

Catogenous Phase

It is the second phase of the growth phase. It refers to the transition period in the growth phase, so it is also known as the transition phase. In this process, which lasts approximately 3 weeks, hair follicles regress and hair growth stops.

Telogen Phase

It is the last phase of the universe. This phase is also called the resting phase. When the third phase ends, the first phase, the anogen phase, starts again. In the telogen phase, the dermal papilla remains intact, attached to the hair follicle, and new hair emerges in place of the shed hair.

What Should Be Considered After Hair Transplantation?

The 48-hour period after hair transplantation is very important to achieve a successful result. In this process, hair follicles are very sensitive because they are newly planted. At this stage, the hair follicles can be damaged in an erroneous contact with the hair follicles from the outside. For this reason, it is necessary to act very carefully and avoid contact with hair follicles. This stage refers to the attachment stage of the hair follicles, in this process it is necessary to stay away from dusty and dirty environments. 

At the same time, in order for the healing process to proceed in its normal course, it is necessary to stop the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes, which will affect the blood circulation, and to avoid strenuous activities.

In the first weeks after hair transplantation, swimming, entering the sauna, using too much heat, and using styling products reduce the success of the treatment. While combing the hair, it is important to be careful not to comb the transplanted area, because the comb is hard and touching the transplanted area may cause the transplanted hair to fall out.

In the first week after planting, you should not stay in dirty areas, as the hair follicles will be open, dirt may accumulate in these areas and hair follicles may be badly affected by this situation. It is not recommended to use a hat in the first days as it will prevent the wounds from getting air and will put pressure on the hair follicles.

A periodic burning process should be followed in order to get rid of the crusting on the scalp and to allow the hair follicles to breathe. On the first day after sowing, the hair should not be touched with water. The first wash after transplantation is carried out 3-4 days later in the hair transplantation center. It is necessary not to use very hot or very cold water while taking a shower after the transplantation process and not to expose the hair to high pressure water. In addition, it is necessary to stay away from products such as hair fixative gel and spray for a while.

How should hair care be after hair transplantation?

After hair transplantation, hair care and cleaning should be done regularly in accordance with expert recommendations. Using the wrong product and not taking care of it causes the hair to wear out, so it is necessary to pay attention to hair care after hair transplantation. Usually, the doctor will recommend a special shampoo and lotion to clean the hair after hair transplantation.

After the transplantation, the first wash is done by the team performing the hair transplantation. In the next process, the patient performs the hair washing process in the specified periods. It is necessary to be sensitive and careful while washing the hair. Massaging and too much contact with your hands should be avoided as it will weaken the roots and cause shedding. It is forbidden to apply styling products to your hair during the first 15-20 days after hair transplantation. In particular, products such as hair gel and spray should not be used, as of the 10th day, the person can return to the hair product they use, but it is necessary to make sure that the product does not contain intense chemicals. It is necessary to use the special hair shampoo and lotion recommended by the physician regularly every 15 days.

What are the Advantages of Hair Transplantation?

If we list the advantages of hair transplantation compared to other treatment methods;

What are the Disadvantages of Hair Transplantation?

Although hair transplantation treatment, which gives very effective results for thinning hair, is a successful method, it also has some disadvantages.

Frequently Asked Questions

After hair transplantation, it takes time for healthy hair to grow. That's why it's important to be patient during this time. After sowing, the transplanted hair is shed in the first stage, and this process, which starts in the 2nd week and 2nd month, is called shock shedding. After the shedding process is completed, healthy hair begins to grow, usually 6 months after hair transplantation, and 90 percent of the hair has grown within 1 year.

There is no correct season or time for hair transplantation. Contrary to popular belief, planting can also be done in summer, only the treated areas should be protected from the sun. Since the success of the transplantation process has nothing to do with the season, the person can have hair transplantation at any time.

Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure performed under local anesthesia. Although the duration of the procedure varies according to the size of the area to be transplanted, it usually takes between 6-8 hours. During this time, the patient can perform activities such as eating or watching television.

Since the patient will be under the effect of local anesthesia during hair transplantation, it is unlikely that the patient will feel pain or pain, but some patients may feel minimal pain.

Hair transplant treatment is usually done by men, but women can also have hair transplants. Unlike men, in the treatment applied to women, shaving is not done.

Hair transplantation is a microsurgery method that gives successful results in patients who have encountered conditions such as hair thinning or baldness. Since hair follicles taken from areas where there is no hair loss, such as the nape, are used within the scope of the application, it eliminates the problem of thinning. Hair transplantation really works because the hair follicles transferred to the areas where the hair is thinning adapt to the area.

In order for the hair follicles to adapt to the applied area, they must have cells belonging to the person. For this reason, hair transplantation cannot be performed with hair follicles taken from someone else.

Each method used in hair transplantation has advantages and disadvantages, so the patient's condition should be taken into account when deciding which method will give better results.

During the hair transplantation process, hair does not grow back in the area where the root is taken, but this is not something to worry about. When hair transplantation is performed by an experienced team, the hair follicles are carefully selected so that the thinning is not obvious when viewed from the outside.

Hair transplantation is the most effective and successful treatment method for patients who have thinning or baldness as a result of hair loss. It is possible to prevent hair loss with various treatments, but it is not possible to renew the lost hair, so those who are looking for a definitive solution for thinning hair should benefit from hair transplantation treatment. Since the hair follicles used in the transplantation process are taken from the ones that are resistant to shedding, hair transplantation offers a definite solution for thinning hair.

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